Assignment: Perspective of Redding
Assignment: Perspective of Redding
A number of studies have shown that the more training the students receive the higher their critical thinking capacity becomes (Shin, 1998; Adams et al., 1999; Gunes and Kocaman, 2005; Dil and Oz, 2005; Ozturk and Ulusoy, 2008). As the number of years of study increases, the knowledge capacity increases, resulting in a higher capacity of critical thinking (McGovern and Valiga, 1997). However, in this study a significant decrease was found in the critical thinking capacity average when the number of years of study was lower. With the help of a Post Hoc Tukey HSD test, this decrease was identified between freshmen and seniors (Table 2). This result is considered to be obtained because of factors such as the lack of trained staff in the analysis/synthesis and interpretation fields, tendency of the students to avoid critical thinking as they gain experience, insufficiency of practice fields in quality and event or the lack of training in their schedule regarding critical thinking. According to the study carried out by Akkus, Kaplan and Kaçar in 2010, third year students have a lower average score on the critical thinking disposition scale. However, because they face many events that require problem solving, independent decision-making and multidimensional thinking, the capacity of critical thinking of nursing students is expected to increase as they participate in the higher classes (Bulut and Ertem, 2009; Akkus, 2010).
The Caring Nurse-Patient Interaction Scale average of nursing students in this study was found to be 283.36 ± 41.27 (Table 2). In the three dimensions of the scale, the highest score that can be obtained is 350 and the lowest is 70. As the score increases, the behaviours and attitudes of students regarding caring nurse-patient interaction improves. In this study, a moderately positive improvement was observed in the behaviours and attitudes of students regarding caring nurse-patient interaction. Thus, students with greater caring behaviours reported more positive critical thinking dispositions (Pai and Eng, 2013). These results support the view of Watson (1990) that caring is at the core of nursing practice, and they are consistent with the research that demonstrates the important role of caring in critical thinking (Zimmerman and Phillips, 2000; Pai and Eng, 2013). This implies that caring motivates students to listen to and consider patient demands, which provides a foundation for critical thinking and the provision of high-quality care. This finding is also supported by the perspective of Redding, who described caring as involving the integration of internal and external sources of information and taking valid action through holistic critical thinking (Redding, 2001).
You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.
Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.
Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.
The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.