Discussion: Criminalization Of Gender
Discussion: Criminalization Of Gender
Part 1: Essay question, 50 points.
Using either the Matrix of Domination OR Dean Spade’s analysis of poweras a theoretical framework, describe the cycle of poverty and criminalization that disproportionately affects transgender people of color.
Your 2-3-page essay should have a clear thesis statement, sub-claims and detailed supporting evidence. Please cite evidence from the assigned readings with the author name and page number. Short quotations are fine, as long as they are thoroughly analyzed and interpreted in your own words. Your similarity score for the essay question should be 20% or lower. You may study together with classmates, but answers and essays MUST be written in your own words.
A. Describe the relationships between transphobia, racism, poverty & housing instability, underground economy work, policing practices, and likelihood and outcomes of incarceration.
In your answer, define and explain intersectionality and the Matrix of Domination. (Use Collins’s theoretical framework to answer the question.)
B. Describe the relationships between transphobia, racism, poverty & housing instability, underground economy work, policing practices, and likelihood and outcomes of incarceration.
In your answer, define and explain disciplinary and population-management power. (Use Spade’s theoretical framework to answer the question.)
Part 2: Short answer/Concept IDs (4 points each).
Define or describe and give an example or explain the concept, event or person’s historical significance:
1. Who was Victoria Arellano? Draw on your understanding of intersectionality or state violence to describe how the carceral system responded to different facets of Arellano’s identity.
2. Who are the Mariposas Sin Fronteras and how do they provide both individual support and fight for broader social change?
3. Who is Janetta Johnson? How does her story illuminate the harms of gender misclassification in jails and prisons? How are organizations led by trans women of color fighting against these harms?
4. Describe the conditions that led to the Compton’s Cafeteria Riot, and this riot’s historical significance.
5. What is prison abolitionism? What are three concrete steps that abolitionist authors think must be taken toward prison abolition
6. What is the perpetrator perspective? Describe Spade’s critique.
7. Discuss the case of Bresha Meadows and how the “abuse to prison pipeline” disproportionately affects Black girls.
8. In the film Free CeCe, lawyer Chase Strangio says that trans women are perceived as criminals, even when they are victims. Explain this statement, using details from the case of CeCe McDonald.
9. Describe the case of Daniel Allen, and explain why this case is important in understanding HIV criminalization.
10. Who were the Vanguard youth? What were their social change goals, and what tactics did they use to fight for social change?
Part 3: Define the following words and phrases (1 point each):
2. Mutliple choice: Jaimie was ascribed male gender at birth. Jaimie now identifies as female. Jaimie is a transgender_____________________. (Choose one of the options below to fill in the blank.)
3. Genderqueer or non-binary:
6. Intersectionality theory (define without using the word “intersecting”):
8. Life chances:
You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.
Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.
Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.
The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.