Discussion: Multiple Regression Analysis

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Discussion: Multiple Regression Analysis

Discussion: Multiple Regression Analysis

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Multiple Regression Analysis of Role Strain in the Obstetrical Area for Male Nursing Students (n = 55)

obstetrics included attitude toward clinical instructors, at- titude toward clients and their families, and attitude to- ward healthcare providers. Together, these three variables explained 30.1% of variance in role strain (Table 5).

The results of this study are consistent with the results of Sherrod (1991). Specifically, male nursing students faced higher role strain than did their female counterparts in the obstetrical setting. The results also indicated that male student nurses had significantly higher levels of role confiict, role ambiguity, and role incongruity than their female colleagues and no difference on the role overload subscale. These results may be associated with societal stereotypes of male student nurses in the obstetrical setting.

Sherrod stressed that female characteristics, for example, patience and a nurturing nature, are often thought of as a prerequisite of obstetrics nursing staff. Therefore, male nursing students usually experience more role incongruity and role ambiguity than do their female counterparts. In addition, previous studies have concluded that many women in labor prefer female students to carry out such procedures as breast and vaginal care (Sherrod, 1991; Wood, 2004). As a result, male roles are in confiiet with the intimate nature of obstetrical care. Contradictory role expectations may result in role conflict because male nursing students must assume the incongruent roles of nurse, student, and gender (Patterson & Morin, 2002). In short, male nursing students working in obstetrics are part of a minority group and play an unconventional role (Goode, 1960). This enhances their stress in the practice area. The only nonsignificant difference between the two


Attitude toward clinical instructors

Attitude toward clients and their families

Interest in nursing Attitude toward

healthcare providers Constant


B SE ß

3.68 1.00 .53

1.15 0.48

-0.51 0.56 1.64 1.01 .22

43.69 7.82 .573

7.09 ±2.12

16.01 ±2.85

8.82 ±2.16




.301 24.06*


– . 3 3


Journal of Nursing Research Vol. 17, No. I, 2009

Ya-Ling Tzeng et al.

genders found by this study was level of role overload, also confirms Sherrod’s finding and implies that male nursing students possess the same ability as their female eolleagues when it comes to providing obstetrical eare (Sherrod, 1991).

We also found that, in comparison with female stu- dents, male nursing students had more negativity in four attitude areas. These were on attitude toward clinical in- structors, attitude toward healthcare providers, attitude toward clients and their families, and attitude toward gen- der and occupation role stereotyped viewpoint.

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