Discussion: Performing Clinical Care
Discussion: Performing Clinical Care
The rea- sons for this may involve the intimate care in obstetrics nursing practice and women’s negative reactions to male students performing clinical care. Male students experi- ence comparatively greater pressure than do their female colleagues. Meanwhile, previous studies showed that some of the clinical instructors and nursing staff who are in- fluenced by the stereotypes of gender roles would not sup- port male students to pursue careers in obstetrics. They also do not treat male students equally (Tzeng, 1996, 1997). In addition, in our study, there were no married male students. This may increase role pressure as there is evidence that maternity patients might feel more eomfort- able being cared for by older, married male nursing stu- dents who had children of their own (Morin et al., 1999). In clinical practice, male nursing students had a higher refusal rate from women and their families than their fe- male counterparts (Tzeng, 1996), which could cause more negativism.
Regarding the results of multiple regression analyses, we found attitude toward clinical instructors, attitude to- ward clients and their families, and attitude toward health- care providers to be the important influencing factors of role strain for nursing students of both genders. This result may relate to negative attitudes expressed by these groups.
According to Tzeng (1996, 1997), the negative atti- tude of clinical instructors, healthcare providers, and clients and their families toward care provided by male nursing students originated predominately fi-om a stereotyped at- titude to a previously single-gender profession. It implies that reducing gender role stereotypes is still needed. Scholars who focus on gender issues advocate that, in choosing careers, one should discard consideration of gender role stereotypes and prejudices. They point out that careers in modem society tend toward mechanization and com- puterization and that it is inappropriate to continue clearly defining gender roles, stereotyped gender roles would
hamper modem social development (Li, 1993; Tzeng, 2000). Among the influencing factors, the sole difference was respondent interest in the nursing profession. In this study, male nursing students were less interested in nurs- ing than were female students.
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