Discussion:The Nineteenth Century Nursing
Discussion:The Nineteenth Century Nursing
“The first half of the nineteenth century saw nursing conditions at their worst. Nursing had become a job for the “undesirables” in society — the immoral, the alcoholic, and the illiterate. The pay for nursing care was poor and was frequently supplemented in any way possible.
Discussion:The Nineteenth Century Nursing
There was little organization associated with nursing and certainly no social standing. No one would enter nursing who could possibly earn a living in some other way. Through the work of early nursing figures, nursing gained the respect of the military and the government, ushering the birth of what is now considered modern nursing.”(Nursing Timeline)The hospitals were so disgraceful, dirty contaminated with infections. There was no proper ventilation in hospital rooms that’s increase risk of dying.
“Florence Nightingale1820 – 1910
Widely recognized as the founding mother of modern nursing, Florence Nightingale’s work led to the reform of sanitary conditions in military hospitals, the organization and advancement of nursing education and the development of measures to analyze disease and morality rates using statistical methods. Her observations and writings contributed to the development of an applied theory of communicable disease. Her seminal work, Notes on Nursing: What it is and What it is Not has, for centuries, formally defined the work of nursing as unique and separate from that of medicine and the social sciences.”(Nursing Timeline) She provided clean dressings, clean bed, well cooked food, proper sanitation and fresh air to patients and do her rounds with a lamp. “The profession of nursing was strengthened by the development of nursing training and degree programs that would adhere to standards of care and regulations developed by nursing associations and nurse licensure. Fewer than twenty nurses attended the first convention in 1896 of the Nurses Associated Alumnae of the United States and Canada which became in 1911 the American Nurses Association.”(Nursing Timeline)Big hospitals start their own nursing schools to produce more qualified and educated nurses to help community. Because in back days there was only lay people who work as nurses without proper education and knowledge. With education nursing profession changed a lot with new ways of thinking and knowledge specific to nursing. Nursing theory is essential to continuing evolution of the discipline of nursing. The use of nursing theory in research is very important. Nurses often use theories from other disciplines instead of their own and this expands the knowledge of another discipline.(Marlaine.S &Marilyn.P 2010)
You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.
Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.
Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.
The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.
ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE CLASS
Discussion Questions (DQ)
Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, include a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words.
Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source.
One or two sentence responses, simple statements of agreement or “good post,” and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words.
I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses.
Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately.
In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies.
Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else’s work).
Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week.
APA Format and Writing Quality
Familiarize yourself with APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required).
Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation.
I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.
Use of Direct Quotes
I discourage overutilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Masters’ level and deduct points accordingly.
As Masters’ level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else’s words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content.
It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source.
For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.
Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes.
Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?
Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.
The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.
Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.
If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.
I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.
As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.
Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me:
Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.
Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.