Down’s Syndrome: Review

Down’s Syndrome: Review


Downs syndrome is a developmental condition that is also known as trisomy 21. This condition is characterized by additional genetic material that leads to delayed child development. This delay is both mental and physical. This condition is very prevalent in the United States and statistics have revealed that one in every eight hundred citizens is affected by the conditions. There are various variations of physical features as well as medical problems that are associated with Trisomy 21. Some children usually have various medical problems while other lead very healthy lives. However, the various health problems associated with trisomy 21 can be treated in due course. Various resources have been availed and it is easy to live with a child living with trisomy 21.


Downs syndrome or trisomy 21 is a genetic condition in which a child inherits genetic material from the parents. This inheritance is supposed to be 23 chromosomes from each parent. This, therefore, means that the child inherits 21 chromosomes from the mother and 21 more chromosomes from the father. In a case of downs syndrome, the child inherits an extra chromosome, leading to a total of 47 chromosomes (Grant, Goward and Ramcharan 44). The extra chromosome is responsible for the various physical as well as mental problems that are characterized by delayed development as well as medical problems.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Down’s Syndrome: Review
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

Many scientists have found out that the chromosomal error cannot be prevented. However the cause of this error is still unknown. Women who give birth at the age of 35 and more are at a higher risk of having a child with this condition. This, therefore, means that women should be encouraged to give birth within ages of 20 to 30 in order to reduce chances of having children with trisomy 21. Other studies have revealed that downs syndrome exists in various forms. It may be due to mosaicism or due to translocation. Mosaic downs syndrome is a condition where some chromosomes are normal while others are not. Translocation downs syndrome occurs when part of the genetic material breaks during cell division. This is usually occurs on chromosome 14.

Characteristics of people with downs Syndrome

Normal human beings can be evaluated in circles of cognitive development as well as physical wellbeing. Some of the physical conditions include different eyes that are slanted upwards, protruding tongue, large space between the large toe and the second toe among other physical features. Abnormalities of health may affect various organs of the body and the normal functioning is inhibited. Individuals with downs syndrome have risk of congenital diseases, problems of hearing as well as respiratory problems. Childhood leukemia as well as epilepsy is among the major effects of downs syndrome (Optiz 38).

Screening and diagnosis

Various medical organizations such as the American Academy of Pediatrics have been in the forefront in screening individuals with downs syndrome. These screening is usually associated with genetic testing as well as genetic counseling. High abortion rates have been associated with this condition. Major corrective surgeries have been associated with individuals suffering from downs syndrome (Conor 20).


Downs syndrome is a medical condition that cannot be prevented but has various ways in which it can be managed. This, therefore, means that the condition is manageable and the diagnosis is available.

Works Cited

Conor, WO. “John Langdon Down: The Man and the Message.” Down Syndrome Research and Practice 6 (1999): 19-24. Print.

Grant, Gordon, et al. Learning Disability: A Life Cycle Approach to Valuing People. UK: McGraw-Hill International, 2010. Print.

Optiz, M. “Reflections on the pathogenesis of Down syndrome.” In American Journal of Medical Genetics Supplement 7 (1990): 38. Print.


Calculate The Price Of Your Paper

{{total || ""}}

Why Choose Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

Customer Support 24/7

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Our FREE services
Every order comes with these awesome features.
Order Now
Money Back Guarantee
FREE Best essay writer across your subject
FREE Cover page and bibliography
FREE APA/MLA/Chicago formatting
FREE Free Revisions
FREE 24/7 customer support hotline and chat


Essay Writing Services

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.


Admission and Business Papers

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.


Editing and Proofreading

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.


Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.