Factors Influencing Health in the Miami Community

Factors Influencing Health in the Miami Community


People’s health depends not only on things that a person can control. Some factors influence human well-being as much as individuals’ behavior, but they are more difficult to change because it requires much effort of the government or the entire community. For this reason, it is essential to estimate the degree to which various determinants affect people’s health and address the most significant of them. This paper will consider the community of Miami regarding the factors influencing its well-being, the most important health indicators, and the promotion of health in mass media

Individual, Interpersonal, Community, and Environmental Influences

The factors influencing health are divided into four groups: individual, community, interpersonal, and environmental. In Miami, it is possible to single out two key factors in each group of factors influencing community health. Among individual determinants, the most significant is drug abuse, which causes 305 deaths from overdoses and an increasing number of newborns with neonatal abstinence syndrome (Florida Department of Health in Miami-Dade County, 2019). Another key factor in this group is an unhealthy diet, leading to overweight in 38.7% of adult people (Florida Department of Health in Miami-Dade County, 2019, p. 141). The most important health determinant of interpersonal influences is social support since the lack of it causes people to have depression and a tendency to suicide or violence. Social norms are another significant factor because they determine acceptable behavior within a group of peers and thus may lead people to misconceive healthy habits or drug use.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Factors Influencing Health in the Miami Community
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

Key community factors influencing public health in Miami are poverty and crime. High rates of poverty are the reason for people’s inability to provide themselves with an adequate diet and proper sanitary conditions. In Miami-Dade County, the poverty level reaches 25% in the population aged under 18, 16% in people aged 18-64, and about 21% in those older than 65 (Florida Department of Health in Miami-Dade County, 2019, p. 127). Crimes are a significant factor because they often result in injuries that are “the third leading cause of death” in the USA (Florida Department of Health in Miami-Dade County, 2019, p. 134). Even if they do not have a fatal outcome, they harm people’s health by increasing stress and anxiety.

Among environmental influences on community health, the most important are homelessness and transportation. It has been estimated that Florida has the third-highest rates of people lacking a home (Florida Department of Health in Miami-Dade County, 2019). As for transportation, over 10% of the county residents do not possess a vehicle, which is higher than in Florida and the entire country (Florida Department of Health in Miami-Dade County, 2019). However, the developed transport network enables people not to have automobiles to access healthy food and places of recreation. Thus, in Miami, individual and community factors have the most effect on public health, while interpersonal influences are of the least importance.

Healthy People 2010 Health Indicators

Healthy People 2010 is a national program designed to improve the health of the US population and preventing illnesses. It has defined a list of health indicators, which includes substance abuse, mental health, nutrition and exercise, social determinants, access to healthcare, violence, and injury. According to the Health Council of South Florida (2016), in Miami, such social determinant as poverty has the greatest impact on health and wellness. It affects 28% of children and causes 33% of people to have severe housing problems (Health Council of South Florida, 2016, p. 15). Physical activity is the second most important health indicator since nearly 67% of people are estimated to be insufficiently active, and 38% are overweight (Department of Health State of Florida, n.d.). Finally, Miami-Dade County is among the least favorable states regarding crime rates. Thus, such health indicators as poverty, physical activity, and violence are the most significant factors influencing health and wellness.

Media for Promoting Health

In Miami, various media are used for promoting health and preventing illness. For example, a daily newspaper, the Miami Herald, covers the healthcare news along with other topics. It also has a website with two sections devoted to health and a healthy lifestyle: Health & Fitness and Health Care. The print newspaper is effective for older people who are not comfortable with the Internet, while the website is a better way of promoting health for youth.

Another example is CBS Miami, a television channel broadcasting news alongside other programs. It informs people of important healthcare issues in a special rubric of their news program, which is called Health Alert. The channel has a website where one can find videos on this topic. Television is a more efficient way of spreading healthcare information than print newspapers because visual images are easier to remember and tend to affect the impressible audience.

Finally, the Consortium for a Healthier Miami-Dade, an establishment aimed at promoting and improving the health of the county community, uses a variety of ways of popularizing a healthy lifestyle. It has billboards, TV and radio advertisements, brochures, newsletters, and leaflets in its store. Billboards seem to be the most attractive means of health promotion since they appeal directly to the target audience. Other printed materials may be neglected by people because they focus on the Consortium’s goals and achievements rather than suggestions for human health.


In conclusion, the community of Miami has several issues to address in order to improve public health. They include poverty and homelessness, lack of physical activity, and an unhealthy diet, causing overweight and high crime rates. The most significant health indicators in Miami-Dade County fall into individual and community factors, while interpersonal influences appear to be the least influential. Finally, among media used for promoting health, television, and billboards seem to be more effective, while brochures and other printed materials are less efficient.


Department of Health State of Florida. (n.d.). County health status summary profile – 2018. Web.

Florida Department of Health in Miami-Dade County. (2019). 2019 community health assessment: Miami-Dade County, Florida. Web.

Health Council of South Florida. (2016). Community health needs assessment. Web.


Calculate The Price Of Your Paper

{{total || ""}}

Why Choose Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

Customer Support 24/7

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Our FREE services
Every order comes with these awesome features.
Order Now
Money Back Guarantee
FREE Best essay writer across your subject
FREE Cover page and bibliography
FREE APA/MLA/Chicago formatting
FREE Free Revisions
FREE 24/7 customer support hotline and chat


Essay Writing Services

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.


Admission and Business Papers

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.


Editing and Proofreading

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.


Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.