Mobile and Virtual Work Arrangements
Mobile and Virtual Work Arrangements
Where Work Is Done and Who Does It: Mobile and Virtual Work Arrangements This section examines another important effect of IT on work: the ability of some employees to work anywhere at any time. With WiFi virtually ubiquitous, individual employees can connect to the Web from almost anywhere. And with powerful technologies available in the consumer space, employees often find the tools and apps they have at home function as well as, or even better than, their workplace technologies. Research also suggests that employees—especially those younger employees who have never known a world without ubiquitous access to personal smart devices and the Web—prefer to have the work–life flexibility that remote and mobile work arrange- ments provide. At the group level, virtual teams have become standard operating mechanisms to bring the best individuals available to work together on a task. We explore remote work from the perspective of both individuals and teams in the next section.
Remote Work and Virtual Teams Flexible work arrangements, although not the norm for many organizations, have been gaining support as technologies enable employees to be “virtually present” for their employers. The terms telecommuting, mo- bile worker, and remote worker are often used to describe flexible work arrangements. Telecommuting, some- times called teleworking, refers to employees working from home, at a customer site, or from other convenient locations instead of coming into the corporate office. The word telecommute is derived from combining “tele- communications” with “commuting,” indicating that these employees use telecommunications instead of driving, or commuting, to the office. Mobile workers are those who work from wherever they are. They are outfitted with the technology necessary for access to co‐workers, company computers, intranets, and other information sources. We use the term remote workers when we refer to both telecommuters and mobile workers.
26 Kristin Burnham, “Monster.com Brings Professional Social Networking to Facebook,” CIO.com (July 15, 2011), http://blogs.cio.com/print/16406 (accessed February 2, 2012).
c04.indd 86 11/26/2015 7:16:45 PM
You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.
Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.
Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.
The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.