The US and Portugal Health Care Systems

The US and Portugal Health Care Systems

Health care systems in many countries are always structured to respond to the needs of individual citizens. Most developed countries advocate for affordable health care for all. However, due to differences in health care costs, statistics, mortality rates, major illnesses, legislations, and demographics, there are usually variations even among the health care systems of developed countries.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
The US and Portugal Health Care Systems
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

The funding for the health care system in Portugal is mainly done by the government through direct taxes. Government funding in Portugal is achieved through legislation that requires all employers to enroll their employees in a social security fund. The security fund is then pooled and channeled towards the provision of free and subsidized health care for all citizens (Faria, 2010). However, the funding of the health care system in the US is more complicated consisting of finances from both the government and the private sector. Government funding in the US is provided through programs such as Medicare, Medicaid, and CHIP while private funding is provided through programs such as individual insurance and group insurance (Jonas, 2007).

ORDER A PLAGIARISM – FREE PAPER NOW

The US spends more of its income on health care than most developed countries including Portugal. In 2005 alone, the US spent close to 2 trillion dollars on health care while Portugal barely spent half the amount. More than three-quarters of the total health expenditure in the US goes into the treatment and management of chronic diseases such as cancer, cardio-pulmonary diseases, and diabetes (Jonas, 2007). In Portugal, most of the funding channeled towards health care is also spent on chronic diseases like in the US. However, the situation is not as serious in Portugal as it is in the US. Infant mortality rates in both Portugal and the US have dropped significantly in the past 20 years with the rate in the US currently standing at 0.006% while the rate in Portugal standing at 0.0072%. The general realization is that there is a slight difference in the infant mortality rates between the two countries (Johnson& Harriet, 2009). The major government agency responsible for the provision of health services to the citizens in Portugal is the NHS (National Health Services) which obtains funds from the ministry of health of Portugal. The NHS is mandated with the task of formulating health policies and ensuring that the health sector in Portugal is adequately funded and that health services are distributed equitably (Faria, 2010). The US health care system has numerous players both in the public sector and the private sector. Government agencies involved include Medicare and Medicaid, while in the private sector there are also various players including different health insurance companies (Jonas, 2007)The US and Portugal Health Care Systems.

In the US, there has been a steady decline in the number of nurses and practitioners in the health care sector with the number of nurses declining from 0.0086% in 2008 to 0.006% in 2009. Similar observations have also been made in the number of physicians. Although the number of nurses in Portugal was much lower during the same period, the rate of decline was not as high as the figures in the US health care sector. From 2008 to 2009, the number of nurses in Portugal declined from 0.0032% to 0.0028%. Statistics obtained from Portugal in 2005, however, indicated that there was an increase in the number of physicians to 0.0034% from 0.0028% in 1990 (Johnson& Harriet, 2009).

According to statistics by Johnson& Harriet (2009), accessibility to the health care system in Portugal is much higher than that in the US and most European countries. Johnson & Harreint attribute the observation to a less complex health care system in Portugal as compared to the US.

References

Faria, P. L. (2010). Medical law in Portugal. London: Kluwer International.

Johnson, J. A., & Harriet, E. (2009). Comparative health systems: global perspectives. New York: Jones & Bartlett. The US and Portugal Health Care Systems

Essaywriters4me

Calculate The Price Of Your Paper

Pages
{{total || ""}}

Why Choose Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

Customer Support 24/7

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Freebies
Our FREE services
Every order comes with these awesome features.
Order Now
Money Back Guarantee
FREE Best essay writer across your subject
FREE Cover page and bibliography
FREE APA/MLA/Chicago formatting
FREE Free Revisions
FREE 24/7 customer support hotline and chat

Essays

Essay Writing Services

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.

Admissions

Admission and Business Papers

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.

Editing

Editing and Proofreading

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.

Coursework

Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.